Australia’s location in the Southern Hemisphere makes the timing of its seasons opposite from countries in the northern hemisphere.
So if it’s summer up in the northern hemisphere, it’s winter down in Australia.
Australia’s four seasons
Australia is a country than experiences all four seasons: spring, summer, autumn and winter. Although the months seem uncharacteristic for the seasons they are in, at least to how we from above the equator often associate them, the seasons are defined as is. As a large country (the 6th largest in the world), Australia features a diverse set of climates and seasons. So it’s not only important to know the season you’ll visit, but also where in Australia you’ll be visiting.
- Spring: September, October and November.
- Summer: December, January and February.
- Autumn: March, April and May.
- Winter: June, July and August.
Note that the seasons are defined in full calendar months (i.e., spring starts in September 1, summer starts in December 1), unlike in the northern hemisphere where seasons start somewhere in the 20th or 21st of certain months.
Spring in Australia
A great time for outdoor activities such as whale watching, horse riding, camping under the stars, floral shows and wine tasting. Or witness the Melbourne Cup, experience water activities such as canoeing, surfing, skydiving, sea kayaking or catch Northern Territory’s barramundi.
Summer in Australia
The hottest temperatures are experienced during summer and it’s best to hit the beach, notably Sydney’s famous Bondi or further deep at Queensland’s Great Barrier Reef, watch world-class sports events, music and cultural festivals and of course, Christmas and New Year welcome celebrations.
Autumn in Australia
As temperatures fall, it’s best to experience great trail walks, day trips, colorful foliage across Canberra’s large number of deciduous trees, taste local wines at Yarra Valley or indulge with nature at national parks or experience luxury at opulent lodges located across the country.
Winter in Australia
Skiing and boarding across snowfields in New South Wales and Victoria are ones that comes to mind, but there are also a variety of things to do. See the wildflowers in Western Australia, perfect views at NSW’s Blue Mountains perfect for Instagram posts and catch a glimpse of migrating whales along Australia’s coast.
Seasons in tropical Northern Australia
Northern Australia which has a tropical climate, experience wet and dry season, similar to other tropical countries in nearby Southeast Asian region.
Dry season: May to October
Northern Australia’s dry season is characterized by clear blue skies, warm, sunny days and cooler nights. Bigger cities like Darwin is teeming with activities for locals and visitors to enjoy. Outdoor markets, outdoor family activities, explore walking trails, fishing expeditions and camping while witnessing movement of migrating birds.
Wet season: November to April
The monsoon season provides a refreshing relief and energy to surrounding landscapes and wildlife. At the same time, thunderstorms provide nature’s spectacular light show. The season is also perfect time to go for recreational fishing, with abundant mangrove jack, cod, black jewfish, golden snapper and barramundi at Top End.
Australia is a country abundant with natural produce. The land and the climate is great and diverse, allowing for a wide variety of fruits and vegetables to be grown.
Apples, apricots, bananas, berries, cherries, figs, grapes, grapefruit, mangoes, melons, nectarines, oranges, peaches, pears, plums, strawberries, watermelons.
Apples, bananas, berries, blackberries, figs, grapefruit, grapes, guavas, kiwifruit, melons, oranges, pears, persimmons, rhubarb, rock melons, strawberries, watermelons.
Apples, bananas, grapefruit, kiwi, lemons, mandarins, oranges, passion fruit, pears, rock melons, watermelons
Avocadoes, bananas, berries, blueberries, cherries, currants, figs, limes, loquats, mandarins, mangoes, honeydew melons, mulberries, nectarines, oranges, passion fruit, plums, strawberries
Naturally occurring disasters
Natural disasters usually occur during summer. Bushfires and heatwave during this season have also brought damage in crops as well as humans. During wet seasons, cyclones and floods have occurred across several states, notably Western Australia, Queensland and New South Wales.
National and global sporting events are held at specific seasons of the year.
- Brisbane International (tennis)
- Sydney International (tennis)
Hobart International (tennis)
Hopman Cup (tennis)
Australian Open (tennis)
AFL Women’s Season (football)
- National Rugby League Season
- Australian Football League Season
- National Basketball League